Diamantopoulou S, Karanikolopoulos P, Kassanos D
3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Attiko hospital, Athens, Greece
Correspondence: Diamantopoulou S, 3rd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Attiko hospital, 1 Rimini St, GR-12461, Chaidari, Athens, Greece. E-mail: Matoula_Diam@yahoo.com
Pregnancy related osteoporosis is a rare disease. Both etiology and mechanism remain unknown. Pregnancy causes considerable alterations in calcium levels, in hormones regulating calcium levels and homeostasis as well as a gradual decline of bone mineral density (BMD). Osteoporosis may also appear during the puerperium or affect pregnant teenagers. The usual symptoms are low back pain, pain of thoracic vertebrae, difficulty in articular flexion, cyphosis or pain in the hip joint, aggravated during walking. Since the exact cause of the disease is still unclear, no etiologic therapy may be recommended. Avoidance of overloading the spine and hips and also mild exercise are mostly recommended. Prognosis of this entity is usually good.
Keywords: osteoporosis, pregnancy, lactation