Review

Gonadotropin surge attenuating factor: Α physiological regulator

Messinis Ioannis, Messini Christina, Dimitraki Marina, Anifandis George, Dafopoulos Konstantinos

Gonadotropin surge attenuating factor (GnSAF) is a non- steroidal ovarian substance, which attenuates the endogenous LH surge in superovulated women. Although several attempts have been made to purify GnSAF from various biological materials, different sequences were found. Only one of them has shown substantial homology of GnSAF to a known portion of the human genome …

Case Report

Adnexal torsion in a 7 – year – old girl; dilemma in diagnosis and treatment

Singh Kamal, Thakur Sita, Sharma Monika

Ovarian torsion is an infrequent diagnosis in the pediatric age group but can be catastrophic, especially if ovarian salvage is not possible. The clinical picture is nonspecific, and children cannot always articulate their symptoms, which often make the diagnosis a challenge. Because of its nonspecific manifestations, ovarian torsion is often confused with other conditions …

The hormonal and metabolic profile of asymptomatic women with polycystic ovaries

Papathanasiou T

A significant proportion of women with polycystic ovaries have regular menstrual pattern and no overt symptoms or signs of hyperandrogenism. These women are thought to be healthy, while the incidental ultrasound finding of polycystic ovaries is dismissed as a normal variant. Recent studies, however, challenge these traditional views. A minority of these women exhibit anovulation …