Safety and reliability of diagnostic hysteroscopy in pre- and post-menopausal women

Μakris N, Vomvolaki E, Αntsaklis A

1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Alexandra hospital, Athens, Greece

Correspondence: Makris N, 1 Lourou St, Athens, GR-11528, Greece

 


 

Abstract

Diagnostic hysteroscopy is an examination method of the endometrial cavity, used since the 19th century. The development of technology improved the instruments which are required. Hysteroscopy has been increasingly used as first line investigation for the diagnosis and the treatment of many diseases involving the uterine cavity. The purpose of this study was to report the hysteroscopic findings in our department during the last decade. Our findings showed that endometrial atrophy and endometrial hyperplasia were more common in postmenopausal women, while intrauterine adhesions were more common in premenopausal women. Nulligravid women were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with endometrial atrophy and endometrial hyperplasia. Recently, diagnostic hysteroscopy has become the standard practice in diagnosis and treatment of endometrial pathology which can be performed in outpatient settings as an office procedure. 
 

Key words: diagnostic hysteroscopy; pre-menopausal women; post-menopausal women