Pathogenetic mechanisms of vaginal yeast infections

Αvgoulea A, Lambrinoudaki I, Creatsa M, Kaligerou I, Botsis D

2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Athens, Aretaieio hospital, Athens, Greece

Correspondence: Lambrinoudaki Irene, 76 Vasilissis Sofias Avenue, GR-11528, Athens, Greece. 

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Abstract

Vulvovaginal fungal infection is one of the most common infections of the genital tract. Candida albicans is the most important cause of the infection. The presence of candida albicans in the vaginal liquid is not necessarily a pathologic finding and should be examined in correlation with the presence of the classical symptoms which include pruritus, dysuria and dyspareunia. Factors that determine pathogenesis of this entity are not very well understood. Chronic recurrent vulvovaginitis with 3-4 cases per year are common in a big part of the female population.
 

Key words: candida albicans; vulvovaginitis; fungal chronic infection