Research article

The Effect of music on maternal anxiety and maternal and fetal heart rate during cardiotocography

Milona Gabriella, Pergialiotis Vasilios, Theodora Marianna, Loutradis Dimitrios, Daskalakis Georgios

 

 

Introduction: It is well known that music acts as an analgesic. Facilitates muscle relaxation, reduction of physical pain and mental tension. Purpose of this original investigation: study the effect of music on maternal anxiety during cardiotocography as well as its effect on embryonic cardiac function in relation to mother’s heart rate. Method and materials: The survey, conducted in external midwifery medical services of Alexandra’s Hospital, involved 80 pregnant women who met the criteria for participation. They were divided in two groups…

Research article

Smoking during pregnancy was negatively associated with physical fitness in childhood

Konstantinos D. Tambalis, Stamatis Mourtakos, Demosthenes D. Panagiotakos, Labros S. Sidossis

 

 
Background: To explore the potential relationship of several prenatal predictors with physical fitness (PF) components among children. Material and Methods: Α random sample of 5,125 dyads children (8 to 9 years old) and their mothers was evaluated. Mothers were asked to provide information contained in their medical booklets and pregnancy ultrasound records. With the use of a standardized questionnaire, telephone interviews were carried out for the collection of maternal factors in order to assess the potential association between several prenatal factors…

Case Report

Prenatal diagnosis of a large suprasellar arachnoid cyst

George Asimakopoulos, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Mariana Theodora, Michael Sindos, Alexandros Rodolakis, Dimitrios Loutradis, George Daskalakis

 

Arachnoid cysts represent 1% of all intracranial lesions and appear on the arachnoid membrane (subarachnoid space). The etiology and pathogenesis of arachnoid cysts remain unclear and in their majority they are asymptomatic. Due to the developmental origin of arachnoid cysts, these formations can be identified on prenatal fetal imaging. In this report we presented a case of an enlarged suprasellar arachnoid cyst detected incidentally during a routine fetal sonographic examination at 33 weeks of gestation …

Original Article

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)

Panagiotis Antsaklis, Antonios Koutras, Nikolaos Thomakos, Dimitrios Loutradis

 

 

The first chapter of the article presents the general evidence, the clinical manifestation, the pathogenesis and diagnosis of the intrahepatic cholestasis, together with the risks involved for the mother and the fetus. The second chapter presents the treatment goals and the pharmacologic treatment during pregnancy, the management during and after delivery, as well as the risk of recurrence and future goals …

Case Report

Pemphigusvulgaris in pregnancy. A rare case report

Ioannis Kokolakis, Fanis Makrigiannakis, Sabine Kruger, Konstantinos Krasagakis, Antonios Makrigiannakis

 

 

Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune, bullous, mucocutaneous and potentially life-threatening disease. During pregnancy the occurrence of PV is exceedingly rare and its condition will become more complicated due to different mother’s hormone level and the effect of treatment on both mother and her fetus. PV may be associated with an adverse outcome, such as fetal growth restriction and preterm births. We report a case of a 33-year-old woman who was firstly diagnosed with PV during pregnancy…

Case Report

Adnexal torsion during pregnancy: A rare cause of acute abdomen

Konstantinos Zacharis, Stavros Kravvaritis, Theodoros Charitos, Eleni Chrysafopoulou, Anastasia Fouka

 

 
Ovarian torsion is caused by rotation of the ovary or adnexa with the vascular pedicle on its axis resulting in arterial and venous obstruction. Here we report a case of a pregnant woman presented to the emergency department in early second trimester with acute abdomen. History revealed the presence of an ovarian mass detected by ultrasonography 6 months before pregnancy. Sonographic examination showed right adnexal mass with abnormal Doppler velocimetry and thus immediate laparotomy was decided. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and post-operative course of the patient was uneventful…

Review

Complications and Management of Asymptomatic Patients with Measles Infection During Pregnancy

Zacharias N Fasoulakis, Georgios Galazios, Vasileios Liberis, Emmanuel N Kontomanolis

 

Measles virus is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae that causes an epidemic disease with worldwide distribution, with the main symptom of this systematic disease being a prodrome of fever and a pathognomonic enanthema (Koplik spots), followed by a maculopapular rash. The rash usually appears about 14 days after the patient’s exposure and even though vaccination has led the virus to be limited to preschool children and young adults, measles infection can cause severe and even fatal complications in adults, pregnant women and immunocomprised patients…

Review

Obesity in pregnancy and gestational diabetes

Olga Triantafyllou, Kalliopi Pappa

 

 
Obesity is widely regarded as a major global pandemic that has extensive complications. Obesity rates have increased dramatically which can significantly lead to both maternal and fetal health complications during pregnancy. Obese women are predisposed to pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Both share common metabolic characteristics. Obesity and gestational diabetes are both related to serious problems during pregnancy, but also to long term maternal – fetal consequences…

Review

Diabetic ketoacidosis in pregnancy

Christos Kalantzis, Kalliopi Pappa

 

 

Diabetic ketoacidosis in pregnancy is a rare but potential life-threatening condition for the mother and the fetus. Although predictably DKP is more common in patients with type 1 diabetes, it has been reported too in those with type 2 diabetes as well as gestational diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis usually occurs in the second and third trimesters because of insulin resistance. Prompt recognition and aggressive treatment …

Review

Management of low and high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions during pregnancy

Panagakis G., Theofanakis H, Pappa K, Loutradis D.

Despite significant advances regarding screening and treatment of cervical dysplasia, cervical cancer in fertile age is becoming more and more common in the last two decades. Cervical cancer screening ideally detects preinvasive lesions that can be eradicated or early stage cervical cancer that can be successfully treated. Cervical cancer screening was previously limited to cervical cytology. However, during the past decade…