Complications and Management of Asymptomatic Patients with Measles Infection During Pregnancy

Zacharias N Fasoulakis, Georgios Galazios, Vasileios Liberis, Emmanuel N Kontomanolis


Measles virus is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae that causes an epidemic disease with worldwide distribution, with the main symptom of this systematic disease being a prodrome of fever and a pathognomonic enanthema (Koplik spots), followed by a maculopapular rash. The rash usually appears about 14 days after the patient’s exposure and even though vaccination has led the virus to be limited to preschool children and young adults, measles infection can cause severe and even fatal complications in adults, pregnant women and immunocomprised patients…


Toxicological impact of heavy metals on the placenta: A literature review

Mantakas Xenofon, Sofoudis Chrisostomos, Koumousidis Antonios, Sinha Prabha

The purpose of this study is the review of the literature regarding the placental damage after exposure to heavy metals. The role of the feto-placental unit is particularly important during pregnancy and replaces the function of the not fully formed organs of the fetus, like the lungs, kidneys, the gastrointestinal and the endocrine system. Moreover, it protects the fetus from …

Gastrointestinal and vascular damage during total laparoscopic hysterectomy: A review of the literature

Katsakos I, Karpeta M, Paraskevaidis C, Papadis P, Paparistidis N

The following review examines the current role and complication rates of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), which is a hysterectomy completed entirely laparoscopically. Recent advances in equipment, surgical techniques and training have established total laparoscopic hysterectomy as a well tolerated and efficient technique. It is increasingly being adopted around the world …