Review

What the Gynecologist expect from Ultrasounds

Antonios Koutras, Nikolaos Thomakos, Panagiotis Antsaklis, Aris Antsaklis, Dimitrios Loutradis

 

Diagnostic medical ultrasound was first developed in the 1960s but it did not become part of routine clinical practice until the late 1970s. TVUS was introduced in the 1980s and it has expanded rapidly because of the improved quality of pelvic imaging provided bu high frequency transducers (5-7 Hz). It is generally accepted that ultrasound is the most important and primary tool in Gynecology. It represents essential part of the diagnostic process in examining the female pelvis and the first investigation for the majority of relative symptoms. Emphasis must be given in how to maximize image quality and how to recognize normal and pathologic features…

Case Report

Maternal Klippel – Trenaunay syndrome with complete hydatidiform mole and coexistent fetus: A case managed by surgical evacuation with review of literaturee

Ahmed Samy El-Agwany

Introduction: Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a rare triad of congenital vascular malformations involving extensive Port wine stains, soft tissue or bone hypertrophy and underlying venous and/or lymphatic malformation affecting limb, pelvic or abdominal organs. Pregnancies with a hydatidiform mole and a live fetus are extremely rare …

Ultrasound examinations in low risk pregnancies

Pilalis A, Souka A, Kassanos D

The scope of this article was to propose an updated protocol for the routine ultrasound examinations in low risk pregnancy. The protocol presents the requirements for the examiner (training, continuing education, data collection and storage) and analyses the mandated sonographic views. In addition, we review the literature on the sensitivity of ultrasound in the detection of fetal anomalies …

Determining strategy of the non-invasive prenatal screening for chromosomal defects

Xiromeritis PN, Tsapanos VS

The need to reduce the rate of invasive screening (chorionic villous sampling, amniocentesis), and to detect the high risk pregnancies for chromosomal anomalies as early as possible, led to the concept of the sequential non-invasive screening, based on the Bayes theorem. The numerous non-invasive screening tests for chromosomal defects, should provide the calculation …

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